Uganda: Conserving Biodiversity

The Albertine Rift, which includes Western Uganda, is one of Africa’s most biodiverse regions, with a great diversity of living plants and animals in a large range of different environments.

However, this area’s biodiversity is threatened by growing human population, placing ever more demands on land and natural resources, as well as competing economic development priorities such as oil exploration, mining and large scale agricultural projects.

Yet the biodiversity of this area – the forests, wildlife and other natural resources – have huge economic potential for development and poverty reduction. For example, wildlife underlies the country’s growing tourism industry that generates $800 million per year for the national economy.

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